This milestone builds on the work you did in Milestone Two, as you will choose the theoretical framework you will use to guide the recommendations and reflection sections of the final project. The theoretical framework will consist of one social, cultural, and environmental or multilevel theory presented in your course readings.
Submit a draft of the theoretical support portion of the final project (Section III). Determine and justify a factor to be considered for your analysis and recommendations. Rationalize your choice by pulling in other research and support. In addition, address both the strengths and limitations of your chosen theory as it pertains to the issue you chose.
Specifically, the following critical elements must be addressed:
Bearing in mind that there may be several, choose a social, behavioral, or cultural factor associated with your selected public health issue that needs to change in order to improve the issue. Be sure to explain why you chose this particular factor.
Select the public health theory, model, or concept that most appropriately applies to the social, behavioral, or cultural factor you chose in the above step.
- Describe the strengths of the theory, model, or concept you selected for addressing your chosen social, behavioral, or cultural factor. Be sure to substantiate your claims with specific examples and research.
Describe the weaknesses of the theory, model, or concept you selected for addressing your chosen social, behavioral, or cultural factor. Be sure to substantiate your claims with specific examples and research.
What to Submit
- Your milestone should be submitted as a two- to three-page Microsoft Word document with double spacing, 12-point Times New Roman font, one-inch margins, and at least three sources, which should be cited according to APA style. Be aware AI generated may be detected.
Expert Solution Preview
In this assignment, we will explore the theoretical support for addressing a chosen social, behavioral, or cultural factor associated with a specific public health issue. The aim is to select a suitable theory, model, or concept that can effectively guide the analysis and recommendations for improvement. This entails discussing the strengths and weaknesses of the chosen theoretical framework and justifying its relevance to the selected factor and issue.
Chosen Factor: Lack of awareness and knowledge about preventive measures related to the spread of infectious diseases.
Selected Theory: Health Belief Model (HBM)
The Health Belief Model (HBM) is an appropriate theory to address the factor of lack of awareness and knowledge about preventive measures related to the spread of infectious diseases. The HBM emphasizes individual beliefs and perceptions as key determinants of health-related behaviors. It posits that individuals are more likely to adopt preventive health behaviors if they:
– Perceive themselves as susceptible to the health threat (i.e., the risk of contracting an infectious disease).
– Believe that the disease can have severe consequences.
– Perceive the recommended preventive measures as beneficial in reducing the risk.
– Believe that the barriers to adopting the preventive measures are low (e.g., cost, inconvenience, side effects).
– Possess cues to action that prompt them to take action (e.g., receiving health promotion messages, experiencing symptoms).
Strengths of the Health Belief Model (HBM) in addressing the lack of awareness and knowledge about preventive measures related to the spread of infectious diseases:
1. Individual-Centered Approach: The HBM recognizes the importance of individual beliefs and perceptions in shaping health behaviors. By targeting these factors, interventions based on the HBM can effectively promote awareness and knowledge about preventive measures.
2. Simplicity: The HBM provides a straightforward framework that can be easily understood and applied by individuals. Its simplicity enhances its practicality in designing health promotion campaigns and educational interventions.
3. Flexibility: The HBM can be tailored to different populations and health issues. It allows for the inclusion of various factors such as cultural beliefs, social norms, and socioeconomic context, thereby increasing its applicability and effectiveness.
Weaknesses of the Health Belief Model (HBM) in addressing the lack of awareness and knowledge about preventive measures related to the spread of infectious diseases:
1. Limited Focus on Social and Environmental Factors: The HBM primarily focuses on individual-level factors, neglecting the broader social and environmental determinants of health. Factors such as access to healthcare, socioeconomic inequalities, and structural barriers may influence awareness and knowledge but are not adequately addressed within the HBM.
2. Overemphasis on Rational Decision-Making: The HBM assumes that individuals make rational decisions based on careful assessments of the perceived benefits and barriers. However, human behavior is influenced by various cognitive and emotional factors beyond rational decision-making, which may limit the applicability of the model in all contexts.
3. Lack of Long-Term Perspective: The HBM tends to emphasize short-term benefits and immediate threats. It may not adequately capture the complexities and long-term implications of health behaviors, which are particularly relevant in the case of infectious diseases.
In conclusion, the Health Belief Model (HBM) provides a suitable theoretical framework for addressing the lack of awareness and knowledge about preventive measures related to the spread of infectious diseases. While it has strengths in its individual-centered approach, simplicity, and flexibility, it also has limitations concerning its narrow focus, overemphasis on rational decision-making, and lack of long-term perspective. By considering these strengths and weaknesses, interventions based on the HBM can be developed and implemented effectively to improve public health outcomes.